If you’re like the average American household, you’ll spend anywhere from $2,200 to nearly $4,000 this year on home utility costs like electricity, water and natural gas. That can take a big chunk out of your budget.
But cutting those bills doesn’t have to mean lighting candles or wearing a jacket indoors. We found 10 relatively painless ways to do it.
1. Patch leaks.
Leaky faucets and showerheads aren’t just annoying, they’re expensive: A rate of one drip per second could waste more than 3,000 gallons of water per year. Considering the average $40 water bill is based on a consumption of 400 gallons per day, that extra waste can really drain your budget. So conserve water—and cash—by taking the time to fix any faulty faucets.
2. Convert your toilet to low-flush.
If you can overlook the “ick” factor, Andrew Schrage of MoneyCrashers.com, suggests putting bricks or water bottles filled with pebbles in your toilet tank, which will allow you to use less water for each flush. “In general, you can save about 7 percent on your water bill with this alone,” he says.
3. Don’t leave the tap running.
Simply turning the water off while you brush your teeth can help you save eight gallons per day. That’s nearly 3,000 gallons a year.
4. Change your light bulbs.
The average electric bill is a hefty $183 a month—so every dollar saved counts. Energy Star-qualified CFL (compact fluorescent lamp) light bulbs last about 10 times longer and use 75 percent less energy than traditional incandescent bulbs. The Department of Energy says one CFL pays for itself in energy savings in less than nine months. After that, the savings go directly into your pocket.
5. Swap out your windows.
Prevent chilly winter drafts, and an unexpectedly high bill, by adding a layer of insulation with storm windows. This one requires some outlay: windows plus installation can cost $200 to $300 each, though you can reduce that cost by installing them yourself. But depending on the type of window you’re replacing, it can reduce heat loss by 10-20 percent—which can add up to some serious savings over the long run. Heating and cooling typically account for 50 percent of your energy bill.
6. Run your ceiling fans year-round.
But make sure you’re doing it right. “When it comes to your heating bill, make sure that you have your ceiling fans rotating clockwise in the winter time,” says Schrage. “That pushes the warm air downward, allowing for less use of your system for heat. Doing so could reduce your heating bills by around 10 percent.”
7. Tap down your thermostat.
Schrage says the optimal winter temp is 68—it keeps your home warm and your heating bill low. “Go down one degree at a time until you reach your ultimate goal,” he suggests. “You’ll typically save around 3 percent per degree.”
8. Better yet, upgrade to a programmable one.
Using the four pre-programmed settings, which allow you to adjust the times you turn on the heating or air-conditioning according to a pre-set schedule, can save you up to $180 a year.
9. Pull the plug.
Unplug “energy vampires,” like your laptop, TV and cable box, when you’re not using them. (Leaving your computer on all day alone costs an estimated $75 a year.) You can make this task even easier by using power strips with an on/off button.
10. Double-check your bill.
Don’t assume your utility company is billing you the right amount each month. Scan each statement for errors—whether it’s an extra charge you don’t recognize or a consumption amount that doesn’t match your meter. And ask about any discounts for opting out of mailed paper bills in favor of online statements.