Borrowing

How a 32-year-old recovered from defaulting on student loans and paid off $56,000 in debt

Heather Taylor.
Courtesy Sara Burgess Photography

For 32-year-old Heather Taylor of Calabasas, California, paying off her student loans right out of college felt "overwhelming."

"There were so many years when I had to just stop making the payments and defer," she says.

In 2010, Taylor graduated from California Lutheran University with a degree in communications and a combined $40,000 in debt across seven loans. She had both public and private loans, with interest rates ranging from 4% to 8.5% — and her largest loan of $26,000 was at the 8.5% rate.

After graduation, Taylor found a minimum wage job that paid $12 per hour. But while her loans were accruing interest, her earnings remained stagnant, and Taylor wasn't able to keep up with her monthly payments. Though she made minimum payments when possible, her balance kept creeping up.

"I was frustrated because [minimum payments] were just a drop in the bucket," says Taylor.

By 2014, she'd accrued $16,000 in interest, bringing her total student loan debt to $56,000. After years of struggling to make even minimum payments, Taylor ended up going into default on some of her loans.

The following year, Taylor vowed to turn things around.

"It was mostly just frustration that the monthly minimum payments weren't doing anything," she says. "I was tired of being in debt and I didn't want it to control the rest of my life."

The strategy: Side hustling and shutting out social media

For Taylor, "2015 was a game-changer of a year." That's when she took a new approach to earning and to paying off debt. Her first step? Finding a better paying job.

By 2016, Taylor had a full-time job as a communications coordinator earning $55,000. She also started a side hustle as a freelance writer, which initially brought in an extra $500 per month. Within a year, she was raking in an extra $1,000 per month from the side hustle alone.

Taylor started saving about half of her salary and all of her side hustle income. At the same time, she adopted the avalanche method of paying off debt, meaning she made monthly minimum loan payments of $653 while saving up to pay off each loan in full.

VIDEO1:2301:23
What's the Difference Between a Debt Avalanche and a Debt Snowball

Video by David Fang

Taylor also made lifestyle changes. She started cooking more and eating most of her meals at home. She lived with roommates to keep her rent low. And though she lived in Southern California, she didn't have a car.

"I've never had a license. I can't even begin to comprehend how I would juggle payments of a car plus rent plus student debt. I take public transit, and I live purposely close to my job [so I can walk to work]," says Taylor.

Though she took the occasional Lyft or Uber when public transportation was inaccessible, her total monthly ride share never exceeded $100.

Taylor says that "maintaining a 'break in case of emergency' behavior" helped curb any temptation to dip into her savings. It also helped to shut out social media, since she found that scrolling through social media and the constant comparison to others was "the hardest thing" about saving and cutting back.

"It seems like everyone you know is constantly taking a vacation, eating out, and you can feel kind of alone. Is anyone else saving?" Taylor says.

While Taylor points out that you can be "inspired the by the way other people are saving" in #debtfree online communities, limiting social media exposure proved effective for her.

Even so, Taylor still found ways to treat herself. That means white chocolate mochas from Starbucks stayed in the budget.

"There's a whole thing about giving up the coffee. But it's the coffee that sustains you and keeps you going. It's a little treat that I love getting. In light of the fact that I'm giving up major things [like] a car or [buying] a home, I'm not giving up my Starbucks," says Taylor.

VIDEO2:5402:54
Is your daily coffee really making you broke?

Video by Courtney Stith

In 2018, she applied to refinance her student loans, but was told she didn't qualify.

"It was such a poor experience, and one I figured was largely based on my prior history of defaulting and deferring my student loans, that I never got any other outside institutions, like my bank, involved in consolidating or refinancing," she says.

Regardless, by August 2018, Taylor had enough saved to start "ramping up to really pay back her loans." She'd divided her savings into "nest eggs" that she used to pay off the remainder of her loans in lump sums, with the exception of the biggest loan.

"I paid off the loans with the highest interest rates first. It keeps you going because you face the worst thing first," she says.

By May 2019, Taylor had wiped out all her loans. "It's really frightening, but eventually it gets smaller and smaller and then it's gone," she says. "And look what you've done."

The celebration: A trip to Disneyland

Heather Taylor celebrates paying off her debt at Disneyland.
Courtesy Heather Taylor

After making her final student loan payment in May 2019, Taylor and a friend took a trip to Disneyland.

"It wasn't cheap, but we were excited about it," she says. She even splurged on a pair of Mickey ears for $30.

Her next celebration will be a trip home to visit her family in Saint Louis, Missouri, for the first time in over two years. Taylor's parents didn't have the means to help her financially, but she credits their emotional support with helping her get out of debt: "My parents were really encouraging."

I paid off the loans with the highest interest rates first. It keeps you going because you face the worst thing first.
Heather Taylor
communications coordinator

The opportunity: Saving for retirement

Though Taylor is now debt-free, she still plans to maintain her pared-down lifestyle. Since she already has a 401(k) though her work, her next big financial goal is to save more for her future.

"The next thing I really want to do is start a Roth IRA. [My father] had given me tips. I've been saving up money," she says.

Whatever challenge or opportunity comes her way next, Taylor feels confident in her ability to handle it.

"It shows you what you're made of," she says. "Sometimes you have to go through some of the most difficult things, and even if you're not totally prepared, you can get through to the other side if you just keep toughing it out, if you keep the mindset 'I can do this.'"

More from Grow:

acorns+cnbcacorns cnbc

Join Acorns

GET STARTED

About Us

Learn More

Follow Us

All investments involve risk, including loss of principal. The contents presented herein are provided for general investment education and informational purposes only and do not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation to buy any specific securities or engage in any particular investment strategy. Acorns is not engaged in rendering any tax, legal, or accounting advice. Please consult with a qualified professional for this type of advice.

Any references to past performance, regarding financial markets or otherwise, do not indicate or guarantee future results. Forward-looking statements, including without limitations investment outcomes and projections, are hypothetical and educational in nature. The results of any hypothetical projections can and may differ from actual investment results had the strategies been deployed in actual securities accounts. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.

Advisory services offered by Acorns Advisers, LLC (“Acorns Advisers”), an investment adviser registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Brokerage and custody services are provided to clients of Acorns Advisers by Acorns Securities, LLC (“Acorns Securities”), a broker-dealer registered with the SEC and a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) and the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (“SIPC”). Acorns Pay, LLC (“Acorns Pay”) manages Acorns’s demand deposit and other banking products in partnership with Lincoln Savings Bank, a bank chartered under the laws of Iowa and member FDIC. Acorns Advisers, Acorns Securities, and Acorns Pay are subsidiaries of Acorns Grow Incorporated (collectively “Acorns”). “Acorns,” the Acorns logo and “Invest the Change” are registered trademarks of Acorns Grow Incorporated. Copyright © 2019 Acorns and/or its affiliates.

NBCUniversal and Comcast Ventures are investors in Acorns Grow Incorporated.