There’s still plenty of time to file your taxes this year—the deadline is April 15. But should you file yourself or go to a tax pro? Here’s how to figure that out, and how to make sure either method goes smoothly.
If all of your annual income comes from your full-time job, and you just have a few straightforward deductions plus some retirements savings, filing your own tax return should be pretty easy.
But if your home’s in foreclosure, you did a short sale or you refinanced, hiring a pro may be advantageous, as those can trigger more complicated questions about income and deductions, says Tana Gildea, a Georgia-based Certified Public Accountant and author of “The Graduate’s Guide to Money.”
Small business owner? Consider expert help to ensure you’re taking all the right deductions. Independent contractor? You might also benefit from guidance in assessing quarterly taxes, SEP IRA contributions and home-office deductions.
And if any special rules or circumstances apply to you—you’re a real estate professional or own complex investments, for example—you may want to hire someone to help you navigate them.
There’s also Free File, which is software to complete federal returns from the IRS, available free of charge to people earning less than $66,000. (The IRS announced it was open for business on January 11.)
2. Take your time. Double-check your data and math at each step. “You have to be able to substantiate every number that shows up,” Gildea says.
3. E-file. According to Gildea, e-filing is the way to go. (It’s what the pros have to do unless they specifically opt-out.) It’s also faster than sending info via snail mail, which means a speedier refund.
4. Apply for an extension if needed. If you don’t have the info to complete your return, or you had a life event like a debilitating illness or death in the family, you can file an extension. Just don’t forget you’re still required to estimate your income, calculate any taxes owed and pay them by April 15.
1. Understand what you’re getting. An Enrolled Agent is a tax expert who’s passed an IRS exam and is authorized to represent taxpayers in a dispute with the IRS. They may not also be Certified Public Accountants, explains Gildea. CPAs have “extensive knowledge” of accounting rules as well as tax rules.
2. Beware of chop shops. While the amount you’ll pay depends on the complexity of your return (and the rate could be billed hourly or as a flat fee), getting quoted a super-low cost could be a red flag. That may indicate they’re churning out hundreds of returns, and may not pay as much attention to the details of your situation.
3. Interview your prospective pro. Come armed with questions about your tax situation. And check credentials of anyone you meet through sites like the American Institute of CPAs.
4. Make sure you have all your documents. Gather copies of the tax forms you got in the mail from companies you’ve worked for, like a W-2 and 1099s, as well as receipts and any other supporting documentation you need (like receipts for any donations you made), keeping originals for yourself.
5. Don’t sign anything you don’t understand. Ultimately, you are responsible for what’s on your tax return—no matter who prepares it. “If you don’t understand where a number came from, don’t sign the return,” Gildea says. “If your preparer can’t, or won’t, explain the basics of how the taxable income was calculated, it’s time for a new accountant.”
This article was updated in January 2019.